In Europe is now a clear societal need for take-back and recycling of electronic products. “Closing the loop” would serve several (partly interlinked) goals, such as:
Since July 1999 SCARE is in the implementation phase and it will run until June 2004. The Austrian Society for Systems Engineering and Automation is the co-ordinator of SCARE, with total project costs of 100 million EURO.
The closed product life cycle will consist of two main streams:
In order to successfully achieve the targets set out in the WEEE Directive, all involved parties have to act according to a common strategy to make it beneficial from both environmental, political, social and economical perspectives. Uncoordinated approaches to R&D and recycling strategies will lead to duplicated effort, misallocated investment and inefficient use of resources. A strategic approach involving and co-ordinating all actors in the product life cycle has a greater chance not only to meet legislative targets relating to collection, recycling, re-use, but to demonstrate practical ways of going beyond these targets:
In order to explore Ecodesign and End-of-Life management the following main issues shall be considered during further investigations:
Innovative Product/System Design
New Production Technologies
Use Phase (Consumer Behaviour)
In addition, there are three horizontal core competencies, which fulfil a support function for all these main issues.
Education and Training of Strategy Makers, Designers, Recyclers, ...
Financial & Economical aspects